Fire ants are the ultimate survivor—evolving and adapting their behaviour to live in most climates and environments around the world.
Fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) are one of the few insects capable to surviving in most locations around the world but are native to the South American countries of Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.
They were first detected in Brisbane, Queensland on 22 February 2001. They may have arrived before this.
Fire ants also inhabit many other countries including America, China, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines. The infestation in these countries is so large it is not feasible to attempt eradication activities like those underway in Australia.
Find out what makes fire ants the formidable pest they are
Ants are considered social insects because they live in organised colonies and form complex societies.